The Final Solution

A canister of Zyklon B, the substance used by the Nazis to murder the millions of people in gas chambers, found in Dachau concentration camp at liberation. A canister of Zyklon B, the substance used by the Nazis to murder the millions of people in gas chambers, found in Dachau concentration camp at liberation. source: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of William and Dorothy McLaughlin

The 'Final Solution to the Jewish Problem' or Endlöesung, refers to the Nazi plan to exterminate European Jewry. The Nazis established extermination camps for the purpose of mass murder in Chelmno, Belzec, Sobibor, Treblinka, Majdanek and Auschwitz-Birkenau.

 

Items from the display

9-postcard
Postcard from Fred Wetzler to his old friend Tibor Wintor in his home town of Trnava, Slovakia.

Postcard
Auschwitz, Poland, 1944

Postcard from Fred Wetzler to his old friend Tibor Wintor in his home town of Trnava, Slovakia. Wetzler escaped from Auschwitz with fellow prisoner, Rudolf Vrba in April 1944. Following this they wrote a detailed account of what was going on in Auschwitz - a report that reached leaders around Europe and became known as the Vrba-Wetzler Report. This was the first credible description of the mass murder taking place in Auschwitz to reach the outside world. In June 1944 the BBC broadcast details from the report and the New York Times published stories about Auschwitz based on it. The postcard itself provides little information.

Source: JHC