According to Nazi ideology Germans were the ‘Aryan Master Race’. Jews were considered to be Untermenschen (sub-humans) and, in fact, racial enemies of the Aryan people, and therefore deserved to be treated as such.
Nazi soldiers and local residents enjoy watching Jews scrubbing the streets in Vienna, soon after the Nazi takeover of Austria, March 1938.
Source: U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of National Archives and Records Administration
A German soldier kicks a Jew who is climbing onto the back of a truck during a round-up for forced labour. Krakow, Poland, 1940-41.
Source: U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Instytut Pamieci Narodowej
Item from the display
As part of the process of dehumanising the Jews, in Nazi-occupied territories Jews were required to display outward marking, the Star of David, which was designed to clearly identify them to the rest of the population. It made it easier for officials to control the movements of Jews and enabled anyone to recognise any Jew, anywhere, anytime.